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Goals, Recommendations and Next Steps

This page summarizes the goals and recommendations that result from a three-year planning process. The process included three community surveys, five public forums, and too many committee member hours to count.

We have presented our recommendations in this summary as ‘next steps.’ We do so hoping that this format will move the plan from a collection of concepts to a guiding force for how our community approaches the challenges the future brings.
We shared this vision as we worked:

Honor and preserve the best of Hurley – its beauty, its history, its agricultural roots and respect for landowners’ rights. Treasure its friendliness. Appreciate and protect the ease of living that comes with our location. Acknowledge and prepare for the inevitable economic and demographic changes that come with time.

Our Long Term Goals

CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS: Identify and plan for long term financial requirements to meet the costs of capital improvements.

COORDINATION OF PLANNING: Ensure an efficient, effective planning process including all internal and external stakeholders. Maintain a useful, up-to-date Comprehensive Plan as a context for decision-making. Establish clear development goals so that developers understand the Town's agenda and the Planning Committee can take a proactive role in negotiating with developers to accomplish town objectives

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: Insure and encourage future business development that is in keeping with the character of the respective neighborhood and the town. Foster commercial development in those few areas already designated for that purpose. Encourage reuse of the vacant light industrial sites. MAIN STREET Develop historic Main Street as a lively, attractive destination. Support those organizing and publicizing events and destinations of interest. HOME BUSINESS: Respect the residential nature of neighborhoods while supporting the entrepreneurial spirit of home-based businesses. Ensure that the anticipated growth of home businesses doesn’t negatively affect neighbors. Facilitate appropriate business use of homes in the historic district

ENVIRONMENT: Protect sensitive components of our environment. Maintain the rural character of the community. Improve air quality to protect the health and welfare of residents. WATER To protect the quality and quantity of water available for generations to come. Heighten public awareness of the homeowner’s role in maintaining water quality. Avoid pollution of wells and ground water. Protect the aquifers Ensure the long-term availability of potable water. STORM WATER Comply with Federal regulations. Prevent additional problems due to new development site design. Alleviate current problems

HISTORIC PRESERVATION: Value our history. Identify, protect, and enhance our landmarks and historic districts. Promote and protect our cultural and historic roots while balancing the rights of the landowner

LAND USE: Develop a clear, effective, assertive planning process and zoning codes that support the community’s intentions of maintaining Hurley’s character and livability for an age- and income-diverse community, while protecting and sustaining the environment. Clear up the ambiguities and conflicts in the current codes. Maintain the character of the community by protecting open space and agricultural uses. Protect our water supply and other sensitive environmental features including scenic, agricultural, and roads features. See Environment

OPEN SPACE Maintain the rural character of the town. Protect open space and encourage agricultural use of land. Protect scenic views and roads.

HOUSING GOALS: Maintain Hurley's rural character while addressing the need for more variety in housing stock and protecting water quality and quantity. Ensure that the code allows for alternatives to single family dwellings like condo’s, townhouses, senior citizen housing, cluster development Ensure a full spectrum of housing addressing the economic and design needs of our residents. Senior Housing Goal Enable Hurley residents to stay in the community as their housing needs and incomes change

ZONING AND BUILDING CODES: Ensure clear, effective building and zoning codes that support community intentions for maintaining and enhancing the community's rural character. Utilize smart growth tools for open space management, encouraging a diversity of housing opportunities. Implement design standards for commercial, industrial, and multi-residential development, and support for continued agricultural land use. Ensure that Planned Residential Development (PRD) regulations support Town goals for housing diversity, conservation of open space, and smart development. Ensure that the overlay zones accomplish our objectives for special districts

RECREATION Provide residents and visitors with recreational facilities that take advantage of our natural resources, encourage health and well being, and provide opportunities to play together. Make Hurley a Pedestrian and Bicycle Friendly Town Extend the Rail Trail Ensure adequate parkland to support the growing population and encourage healthy lifestyles

SENIOR CITIZEN SERVICES: Support ‘aging in place’ for town senior citizens

PUBLIC SAFETY: Ensure the safety and well being of our residents

PUBLIC EDUCATION & COMMUNICATION Enhance our collective quality of life by increasing public knowledge of individual responsibilities, public information and resources, and the process of local governing. Encourage citizen participation in local government by utilizing multiple methods of communication about town issues Encourage meaningful dialogue and feedback on issues. Make information readily available

TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION Assume the leadership to mitigate traffic safety issues within the Town’s boundaries. Minimize damage to the roads and environment.

INFRASTRUCTURE: Operate an efficient, effective, low-cost town government that maintains and enhances our facilities and services

Responsible Person or Committee

Action Steps

Town Board

Organizational Process

Contract with a facilitator to organize and facilitate planning workshops

Recruit volunteers to participate in workshops and committees

Establish an Historic Preservation Commission

Establish a Senior Services Advisory Committee

Establish a Public Education and Communications Committee

Establish an ad hoc Route 28 Task Force

Establish an ad hoc design commission to develop standards for commercial, industrial, and multi-residential development.

Regulatory Activities

Make all codes available on-line for easy reference

Emergency Services

• Require the installation of emergency identification numbers in front of all structures to enhance the capability of emergency services to respond rapidly
• Request an annual analysis of fire and emergency services, concerns. and long range plans from each of the emergency services. Publish the report on the Town web site

Establish an aquifer protection overlay district modeled after the draft in the Old Hurley Aquifer Study

Prohibit the installation of new residential underground oil tanks and encourage replacement of currently existing underground tanks

Temporary Signs: Revise the Poster Code 210-32 K. to address the size, location, and time limits for posting and removing temporary signs and require that the poster’s identification be included on the sign. Establish a fine for non-conformance.

Implement a commercial logging regulation that requires a town permit.

Adopt regulation that protects air quality

• Ban leaf burning and burn barrels
• Prohibit any fire that generates smoke or noxious emissions that interfere with the reasonable enjoyment of a neighbor’s life

Explore the feasibility of a water district between Zena and 375

Establish criteria for storm water mitigation priorities; review and prioritize storm water abatement projects annually; publish the list

Protect and encourage agricultural use of land

• Establish local right-to-farm provisions
• Amend the zoning law to confirm that the town encourages agricultural uses to preserve open space and the rural character of the town as well as to promote production of local food and other agricultural products.
• Clarify that the town does not intend to unreasonably restrict or regulate farm operations and supports the “right to farm” provisions of state law (CAC Open Space Plan)

Financial Planning

Develop a long range capital plan.

Establish a separate capital fund for storm water abatement projects

Develop a fund for matching grant money. Use in-kind matches whenever feasible.

Open Space: Hold a referendum to determine whether support exists to establish a local fund for the acquisition of high priority open space parcels and/or development rights. This fund should be used as the match for grants from other public and private agencies.

Supervisor or appointee

Coordinate with the other communities to address shared goals including:

• Increased recreational use of the reservoir and its surrounding lands
• A legal commitment from NYC to maintain the NYC watershed lands as forever open space

Ensure optimal utilization of technology in Town services.

Pursue grant funding for planning workshops; storm water abatement; aquifer assessment; Main Street historic district planning including traffic and parking study; expansion of rail trail and recreation facilities. [Grant funding may also be appropriate for projects not mentioned here.]

Maintain an up-to-date inventory of storm water runoff problems and provide an annual storm water mitigation update and priority list to the community.

Encourage and seek opportunities to re-use current light industrial zones

Highway Supervisor

Coordinate a stakeholder Traffic and Transportation Committee to resolve issues and address safety, planning, implementation, and maintenance of all roads, traffic, and transportation regardless who holds primary responsibility.

Issues for consideration include:

- Construction of a county road south of the Rail Trail head to replace Zandhoek as the link between Route 209 and Lucas.
-Adding width to roadway shoulders for sidewalks and bicycles; require sidewalks in new developments.
-Improve emergency access to areas cut off by flooding
-Identified trouble spots noted in the Plan

Recreation Committee

Plan for and provide adequate public recreation space and variety to accommodate the population, as it grows, in locations easily accessible to the population centers.

Explore the cost and liabilities of acquiring and developing a boat launch and/or swimming beach on the Esopus Creek

Evaluate the long term need for additional ball fields

Develop a long term capital plan including acquiring land or negotiating joint usage agreements for future park and recreation use

Support making Hurley a pedestrian and bicycle friendly town

Conservation Advisory Committee

Continue to study and map the aquifers and develop groundwater protection plans for other areas of the town.
Recommend additional areas for designation as aquifer overlay districts

Inventory underground oil tanks in use in aquifer overlay districts.

Develop a system to monitor all petroleum/hazardous material spills and contamination

Based on the Workshops, recommend designation of specific roads and views as scenic and prepare standards for development on such roads regarding fences, natural buffers, expanded set backs and lot widths, and other measures to preserve the natural and historic character.


Prepare zoning changes for Town Board review that

• Eliminate any conflicts, inconsistencies and ambiguities in current codes
• Allow Bed and Breakfasts and accessory apartments,
• Increase the minimum lot size on Ohayo Mountain to minimize the impact of development on the water supply

Based on the planning workshops, revise land use regulations to include smart growth and conservation subdivision zoning requirements


Revise the planning review process to implement a proactive planning committee process based on the workshop results that will facilitate development that meets the Town's goals.

In the site plan review include

• increased opportunities for pedestrians and bicyclists by including sidewalks and bike paths in commercial, industrial, and multi-residential developments
• pertinent water related hydrogeologic testing and other pertinent water-related data
• Criteria sensitive to storm water run-off
Pursue opportunities to develop a town center and commercial services in PRDs

Rail Trail Committee

Complete the O&W Rail Trail from Route 209 to Kingston

Support the negotiations, planning and implementation of the Ulster & Delaware rail trail Kingston to Oneonta

Long term: Expand the trail system by negotiating easements and/or utilizing lightly trafficked Town roads for future trails along the Esopus, and along New York State Department of Environmental Conservation land to the ruins of early Hurley residences and farms.

Expand rail trail system to include a link to a boat launch

Smart Growth’ Development Workshops to convert the principles in the Comprehensive Plan into concrete strategies.
Include all stakeholders -- development professionals, Town Board, Zoning Board, CAC, Planning Board, County Planning Department, architects, builders, and planners, NYSDOT, business and land owners. Additional professionals, agencies, or interest groups may be included for particular topics. Encourage all residents to participate.
No workshop should exceed three months duration.

Initiate a three-month workshop process to involve stakeholders in developing SMART GROWTH zoning and planning mechanisms and guidelines.

Workshops should begin with a review of the alternative approaches used successfully in other communities.
Recommend changes that will:

• Encourage environmentally sensitive development techniques that will contribute to our goals of full spectrum housing for an age- and income-diverse community.
• Provide flexibility to work with developers to meet our goals.
• Promote the use of open space conservation development techniques.
• Encourage senior-friendly housing through universally accessible design in new development
• Revise zoning to accommodate accessory apartments
• Encourage in-fill construction of accessible units
Determine what developer/landowner incentives might be appropriate.

Determine a methodology to require that planned-residential developments include a percentage of affordable, accessible housing units dedicated to current moderate and low income Hurley residents.

Evaluate large lots for locations suitable for alternative forms of housing; recommend revisions to the PRD regulations

Study and recommend zoning regulations and locations for scenic preservation and roadway overlays, aquifer and bluff overlay districts

Public Education and Communications Committee

Develop and implement a multi-faceted communication and education strategy. Recommend a budget to support the strategy. Topics to address include:

- Town agenda, events, issues; coordinate with committees
-On-going water protection public education program
-Encourage removal of underground tanks.
-Proper well and septic system maintenance
-The impact of open burning, and NY State, county, and local burn regulations
-Regulations for home businesses;highlight the requirement for home business site review.
-A PR strategy, brochure, and maps of what to do in Hurley. Seek inclusion of Hurley destinations and events in state and regional guidebooks.
-Information and profiles of Hurley-based, private resources

Design Commission
NEW - Short-term
Develop neighborhood specific design and signage standards for commercial and industrial districts and multi-family units that will assist the Town in retaining its rural qualities and historic character without discouraging economic development.
Historic Preservation Commission
Recommend criteria for the designation of landmarks and historic districts
Develop a list of potentially significant historical sites
Review and recommend updated historic district zoning regulations.
Explore Main Street as a town center and tourist destination
Senior Services Advisory Committee
Identify gaps in senior services, and advocate to fill them
Organize a volunteer effort to provide, at least, weather emergency support, information and referral.
Route 28 Overlay District Task Force
NEW –Short-term
Consider and recommend action on all relevant Route 28 issues: zoning, access, straightening curve. design standards Allow moderate development that fits community needs and reflects the rural character of the area
Clearly define the uses that meet the new code

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